When it comes to drawing objects, one of the first steps is to break them down into their basic shapes. These shapes include the square, circle, triangle, and rectangle in 2D, as well as the box (or cube), sphere, cone, and cylinder in 3D. In this lesson, we will focus on learning how to draw boxes, which serve as the foundation for constructing various objects.
To truly grasp the construction of shapes, it is essential to understand the transition from 2D to 3D. In the image below, we can observe the drawing of a square, circle, triangle, and rectangle in their 2D form. By adding and modifying certain lines, these shapes transform into three-dimensional ones, resulting in the box, sphere, cone, and cylinder.
The purpose of these stylistically simple shapes is to emphasize the construction rather than shading or shadows. Despite their simplicity, the 3D shapes appear more lively and engaging, which is the desired outcome in drawing. Practicing the basics, such as drawing boxes, is crucial as it lays the foundation for line work, construction, perspective, and dimensions.
Now, let’s delve into the process of drawing boxes. There are various approaches, and it is recommended to experiment with different methods to find your preferred one. In this lesson, we will cover two box variations.
Box Variation 1:
This box is viewed directly from the front, revealing two visible sides. To draw it:
- Begin by drawing a square. Take your time to ensure accuracy, avoiding the use of a ruler if possible.
- Draw another square, slightly smaller and positioned higher than the first one. The bottom lines should be farther apart than the top lines to create a perspective effect.
- Connect the corners of the two squares, completing the box.
Now that you have a basic box, you can customize its appearance. By erasing specific lines, you can achieve variations such as an open front, open top, or a solid box.
Box Variation 2:
This box is viewed from a slight angle, resulting in three visible sides. To draw it:
- Start by drawing a square and angle it slightly downward.
- Draw another square, slightly higher and positioned behind the first one.
- Connect the corners of the two squares to form the remaining sides of the box.
Similar to the previous variation, you have the option to create different versions of this box. The choices include an open front to the left, open front to the right, open top, or a solid box.
These two box variations provide a solid foundation for building your drawing skills. Remember to draw lightly initially and adjust the pressure as you gain confidence in your lines.
Feel free to experiment and combine different approaches and variations. Drawing boxes is an opportunity for exploration and creativity. As you practice, you will discover which methods suit different situations and develop your unique style.
Remember, drawing boxes is a fundamental skill that boosts your overall drawing ability. Once you master the basics, you can expand upon them and create more complex objects. Start with the basic box and gradually add complexity according to your preferences.
Lastly, keep in mind that drawing boxes is not limited to these variations. There are countless possibilities and perspectives to explore. Don’t hesitate to think outside the box!